Update yourself on our researchers' latest publications here.
Update yourself on our researchers' latest publications here.
ViSmedia team member Øyvind Vågenes newest book Invisibility in Visual and Material Culture is filled with exiting essays that’s pioneering and revelatory the insights into the phenomenon of invisibility, forging new and multi-disciplinary approaches at the intersection of aesthetics, technology, representation and politics. The chapters reveal that the invisible affects many cultural domains, from digital communication and operative images to the activism of social movements, as well as to identity, race, gender and class issues. Whether the subject is comic books, photographic provocations, biometric and brainwave sensing technologies, letters, or a cinematic diary.
ViSmedia team member Nicholas Diakopoulos reveals how machine learning and data mining have transformed investigative journalism. Newsbots converse with social media audiences, distributing stories and receiving feedback. Online media has become a platform for A/B testing of content, helping journalists to better understand what moves audiences. Algorithms can even draft certain kinds of stories. These techniques enable media organizations to take advantage of experiments and economies of scale, enhancing the sustainability of the fourth estate. But they also place pressure on editorial decision-making, because they allow journalists to produce more stories, sometimes better ones, but rarely both. read more here
The International Encyclopedia of Journalism Studies is a unique reference guide and resource on the rapidly growing and evolving field of journalism scholarship, providing credible and timely information on its key concepts, theories, and methodologies. This invaluable text includes more than 250 entries that form a comprehensive overview of the study of journalism as a distinct field. Two of ViSmedia´s team members hav contributed to this Encyclopedia, Astrid Gynnild with a chapter on Visual Journalism and Turo Uskali with a chapter on Virtual Reality Journalism.
Authors: Martin Moore, Damian Tambini, Nicholas Diakopoulos, Daniel Trielli, Jennifer Stark, Sean Mussenden
«Across the globe, Google, Amazon, Facebook, Apple and Microsoft have accumulated power in ways that existing regulatory and intellectual frameworks struggle to comprehend. A consensus is emerging that the power of these new digital monopolies is unprecedented, and that it has important implications for journalism, politics, and society.» ViSmedia team member Nicholas Dikopoulos is cowriter of chapter 13. «I Vote For—How Search Informs Our Choice of Candidate»
In The Routledge Handbook of Developments in Digital Journalism Studies ViSmedia member Nicholas is one of the co-writers of the chapter: Disclose, Decode and Demystify: An Empirical Guide to Algorithmic Transparency.
Authors: Lars Nyre & Jon Hoem
This report presents the development process of the app «Tilhører» , the user interface and the technology behind it. “Tilhører” is an application that present an alternative sound experience, and is a collaborative between researchers from Bergen University College and The University of Bergen.
Authors: Maiden, N; Zachos, K, Brown, A; Brock, G; Nyre, L; Tonheim, A.; Apostolou, D; Evans, J.
This paper reports the design and first evaluations of new digital support for journalists to discover and examine crea-tive angles on news stories under development. The support integrated creative news search algorithms, interactive crea-tive sparks and reusable concept cards into one daily work tool of journalists.
Professor and ViSmedia member Paul C. Adams has written the first chapter of the new book; Migrants, Refugees, and the Media The New Reality of Open Societies published by Routledge.
The large-scale movements of refugees and economic migrants from conflict zones to more stable societies have resulted in challenges, both for new entrants and their hosts. This fascinating volume brings together a collection of media analyses focused on immigration issues to examine how migration has been represented to the public.
Authors: Deborah G. Johnson & Mario Verdicchio.
The concept of agency as applied to technological artifacts has become an object of heated debate in the context of AI research because some AI researchers ascribe to programs the type of agency traditionally associated with humans. Confusion about agency is at the root of misconceptions about the possibilities for future AI. We introduce the concept of a triadic agency that includes the causal agency of artifacts and the intentional agency of humans to better describe what happens in AI as it functions in real-world contexts.
Authors: Lars Nyre, Joao Ribeiro, Bjørnar Tessem
This article introduces the concept of academic prototypes, and shows how they can lead to technological innovation in journalism. We propose an innovation method that transforms a value-oriented academic prototype into a market-oriented journalistic service. The principles for product development presented here are based on the lean startup method as well as business model canvassing.
What are civil drones, and how can they be used responsibly in our society? These are questions this book, written by Astrid Gynnild, Åke Refsdal Moe, Bente Heggedal, Elisabeth Krauss Amundsen, Helge Veum, Frode Guribye, Lars Nyre, Nils E. Øy, Rune Ottosen, and Øyvind Vågnes. Editor is Astrid Gynnild.
Nicholas Diakopoulos, Nathalie Henry Riche, Christophe Hurter, and Sheelagh Carpendalen have edited this accessible introduction to data-driven storytelling. It offers an integrated definition of the topic, presents vivid examples and patterns for data storytelling, and calls out key challenges and new opportunities for researchers and practitioners. Diakopoulos has also co-edited two of the chapters.
The use of camera drones is expanding. Responsible Drone Journalism investigates the opportunities and dilemmas of using drones for journalistic purposes in a global perspective, drawing on a framework of responsible research and innovation (RRI). Edited by Astrid Gynnild and Turo Uskali.
Turo Uskali has written chapter 13 in the book Mobile and Ubiquitous Media. The volume seeks to provide "a diverse set of critical, theoretical, and international approaches useful to those looking for a more diverse and nuanced understanding of what ubiquitous media means analytically".
One could create realistic, anonymized faces as an aesthetic alternative to the coarse techniques of blurring or pixelation normally used today. In this proceeding, the authors describe how we can use algorithms for face manipulation from computer vision to anonymize faces in journalism.
Øyvind Vågnes investigates photos taken from an unfamiliar angle: From bird's eye view, or the drone's lens view. The article argues that Houtryve’s photographs enable a strategy of “uninventing precision”.
The visual power of news agencies are expanding as staff photographers are losing their jobs. In this study, Astrid Gynnild discusses the challenged ethical standards and editorial dillemmas through the example of terrorism.
Astrid Gynnild, Maria Nilsson, Anne Hege Simonsen and Hanna Weselius have edited this issue, and contributed with studies about "Photojournalism and Editorial Processes: Global Similarities, Local Differences".
In this article, Paul C. Adams examines unusual maps of migration with the aim to provide a foundation for concrete recommendations regarding the responsible use of cartographic visualization as a component of immigration news.
Conference paper by Heli Väätäjä, Otto Kauhanen, Turo Uskali, Esa Sirkkunen, Chelsea Kelling, Markku Turunen, Vesa Lindqvist. It presents a history of VR and explores VR storytelling for journalism.
Conference paper by Otto Kauhanen, Heli Väätäjä, Markku Turunen, Tuuli Keskinen, Esa Sirkkunen, Turo Uskali, Vesa Lindqvist, Chelsea Kelling, Jussi Karhu. The paper explores how to a biography as a VR experience.
Chapter by Turo Uskali and Epp Lauk. Drones have been used for news reporting since 2011. This chapter analyzes several cases of drone journalism in crisis reporting and refers to ethical guidelines for good drone reporting in humanitarian crisis reporting.
Study by Jennifer A. Stark and Nicholas Diakopoulos. They investigate bias in Google’s image selection for the main search results pages of presidential candidates’ main search results page. The paper indicates that bias may have been introduced by the Google image selection algorithm.
Deborah G. Johnson and Mario Verdicchio identify three factors that give people anxiety about artificial intelligence. The reasons, they argue, may not be what you think they are.
As the news media adopts algorithmic components into the production of news information, it raises the question of how to maintain an accountable media system. Nicholas Diakopoulos explores algorithmic transparancy.
In the Virjox projects, journalism scholars, human-computer interaction and computer scientists and media company developers innovate together to figure out how to create the best immersive journalism and other media products. Turo Uskali, Heli Väätäjä and Esa Sirkkunen offer insights into the project.
Deborah G. Johnson and Mario Verdicchio. The way public understanding of AI is being shaped, often by fear, is a way that may ultimately impede its research. This knowledge leads to a confusion about the notion of ‘autonomy’.
Pesearch paper by Nicholas Diakopoulos and Jennifer A Stark. It argues that there is a need to develop guidelines or frameworks for how to responsibly and accountably employ algorithms and data in journalism. It describes steps toward transparency with respect to computational journalism drawing from two case studies.
Chapter by Nicholas Diakopoulos. Examines the shift in how news organizations are increasingly designing and creating their own tools, products, and even entire platforms through the lens of computational journalism.
Conference paper by Esa Sirkkunen, Heli Väätäjä, Turo Uskali, Parisa Pour Rezai. It looks at what kinds f real-life journalistic VR experiments there have been made so far. Then it analyzes the research literature on journalistic VR.
A report by Epp Lauk, Turo Uskali, and Heikki Kuutti that describes and analyzes the results of the research project called “DroneJournalism: Utilizing Remotely Piloted Aircrafts (RPA) in Journalistic Purposes”. It is a project that seeks to clarify problems and possibilities of utilizing camera drones for journalistic purposes. In Finnish language.
Journal article by Frode Guribye iand Lars Nyre. This study explores new video tools for television news, and the tinkering that reporting teams need to do to adapt to such tools.They conduct interviews with six journalists and photographers at Norwegian broadcaster TV 2 to explore live news reporting.
Chapter by Epp Lauk, Turo Uskali, Heikki Kuutti, and Helena Hirvinen. Camera drones are being used increasingly in journalism. This chapter argues that using camera drones for journalistic purposes is the newest global test for press freedom globally.
Chapter by Taneli Heikka, Katja Valaskivi and Turo Uskali. Investigates the Finnish Independence Day on 6 December, 2013. On this day, violence erupted and several video cameras recorded the event.
Conference paper by Juke Jouhki, Epp Lauk, Maija Penttinen and Turo Uskali. It explores research ethics in the era of social media and big data by discussing a debated Facebook experiment about emotional contagion.